Freddie Gray Autopsy Revealed: An “Accident” Changed To “Homicide” By The Absence of a Seatbelt…

BOOM ! Our suspicions were 100% accurate in the review of all prior information coming from the released details.

An “accidental” self-induced injury stemming from Freddie Gray standing, not being seat-belted; and as a consequence of the van moving/stopping, Freddie Gray impacting the wall of the transport van. Also including the presence of opiates and cannabinoid within his toxicology report.

The Baltimore Sun has obtained the Freddie Gray Autopsy, and in an article today outline the Asst ME, Carol H Allen, determined:

freddie gray while cell phone on top of knife(Via Baltimore Sun)  […] Though Gray was loaded into the van on his belly, the medical examiner surmised that he may have gotten to his feet and was thrown into the wall during an abrupt change in direction. He was not belted in, but his wrists and ankles were shackled, making him “at risk for an unsupported fall during acceleration or deceleration of the van.”

[…] The autopsy report was completed April 30, the day before State’s Attorney Marilyn Mosby announced criminal charges against the officers. The autopsy has not been made public, and the deadline for releasing evidence in the case to defense lawyers is Friday. A copy of the autopsy was obtained and verified by sources who requested anonymity because of the high-profile nature of the case.

Mosby’s office and the state medical examiner declined to comment.

transport 2

Gray tested positive for opiates and cannabinoid when he was admitted to Maryland Shock Trauma Center, according to the autopsy. The report makes no further reference to the drugs found in his system.

[…] The autopsy details a chronology of the events surrounding Gray’s arrest that helped inform the medical examiner’s conclusion. The medical examiner relied upon witness statements, videos and an examination of the transport van.

While bystanders captured his arrest on video, showing Gray moaning for help, the autopsy concluded that Gray suffered no injuries to suggest a neck hold or stemming from physical restraint. Assistant medical examiner Carol H. Allan noted that Gray could be seen bearing weight on his legs and speaking as he was loaded into the van.

Officers placed Gray on a metal bench running from front to back along the outside wall of the van. After the doors were closed, he could be heard yelling and banging, “causing the van to rock,” the autopsy noted.

map-1-freddie-gray-copy

The van made several stops. The second stop occurred a few blocks away on Baker Street, where officers placed an identification band and leg restraints on Gray.

[…] “Reportedly, Mr. Gray was still yelling and shaking the van,” the medical examiner wrote. “He was removed from the van and placed on the ground in a kneeling position, facing the van doors, while ankle cuffs were placed, and then slid onto the floor of the van, belly down and head first, reportedly still verbally and physically active.”

Authorities previously said the third stop in the area of Fremont and Mosher streets was captured on video, which showed the van driver, Goodson, getting out and looking in the back.

During a fourth stop, at Dolphin Street and Druid Hill Avenue, authorities said Goodson called for assistance, at which point Sgt. Alicia White, one of the officers who has been charged with manslaughter, got involved.

The assisting officer opened the doors and observed Mr. Gray lying belly down on the floor with his head facing the cabin compartment, and reportedly he was asking for help, saying he couldn’t breathe, couldn’t get up, and needed a medic,” the autopsy says. “The officer assisted Mr. Gray to the bench and the van continued on its way.”

transport 5

When the van made a fifth stop at North and Pennsylvania avenues to pick up a second arrestee, “Mr. Gray was found kneeling on the floor, facing the front of the van and slumped over to his right against the bench, and reportedly appeared lethargic with minimal responses to direct questions,” the report says.

The medical examiner concluded that Gray’s most significant injury was to the lower left part of his head. Given the descriptions of his demeanor and positioning in the van, it most likely occurred after the second and before fourth stops made by the van driver, and possibly before the third stop, according to the autopsy.

While it’s possible Gray was hurt while lying on the floor and moving back and forth, Allan determined his body likely couldn’t have moved in that position with enough force to cause his injuries.

Allan surmised that Gray could have gotten to his feet using the bench and opposite wall. With his hands and ankles restrained, and unable to see out of the van and anticipate turns, she said he was at a high risk for an unsupported fall.

She also noted the possibility that Gray’s neck injury occurred “with him in a partially reclining position or as he was changing his position on the floor of the van,” if the van moved abruptly enough.

The injury to Gray’s spinal cord would have caused loss of function of his limbs, and would have “direct effects” on his ability to breathe, according to the autopsy. (read more with video)

transport 1-1transport 4-1

 

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This entry was posted in Abusive Cops, Agitprop, BGI - Black Grievance Industry, Conspiracy ?, CRS, Cultural Marxism, Dept Of Justice, Freddy Gray Death, media bias, Notorious Liars, Police action, Political correctness/cultural marxism, Professional Idiots, propaganda, Racism, Uncategorized. Bookmark the permalink.

471 Responses to Freddie Gray Autopsy Revealed: An “Accident” Changed To “Homicide” By The Absence of a Seatbelt…

  1. famousprince says:

    It seems like this story always leads in the same direction. Gray was moving about erratically and either accidentally or purposefully injured himself, and the cops were not attentive enough during the fifth stop, which was probably made just after the injury occurred. Oh woe as me and lamentations for our long lost CVS.

    Like

    • Lee Jan says:

      The other prisoner in the van suggested that Gray was deliberately throwing himself around in the van in an effort to injure himself. This would have led to a visit to the hospital rather than jail.

      Liked by 1 person

  2. pspsst says:

    Today’s update from Baltimore Sun:

    “From that maneuver, even if you slammed him or dropped him like a wrestling move, you still won’t have a neurological injury,” said Higgins, continuing to explain in more detail.

    “OK,” said Maj. Stanley Brandford, the Homicide Unit commander who led the task force. He marked another task complete. Another question about Gray was answered.

    Higgins is a Maryland Orthopaedic Surgeon.

    The first officers are off the hook. Will this be a case of trying to rope in the white officers on “negligence” of the driver and assisting officer who transported FG in the van?

    Liked by 1 person

    • pspsst says:

      Evenso, the ME states the injury was sustained between the second stop (Freddy restrained on his belly with leg shackles to prevent him from rocking the van dangerously) and fourth stop (Alicia White sits him up). So ME is basically saying the injury did not occur after Fred is helped on to the bench to sit without seat belts. The ME is not very clear in her terminology referencing directions Fred faces lying down as cabin vs front (aren’t they the same?) and lower head injury (is that the jaw or skull?).

      Like

      • siguiriya says:

        I would bet that the defense will be able to find a hundred medical experts who will dispute the conclusions in the autopsy. Following the “George Zimmerman protocol” I automatically assume that in these political prosecutions the initial assertions in the case are either inaccurate or downright false.

        Liked by 1 person

      • Armie says:

        Yeah, exactly. If the injury occurred between 2 and 3, he wouldn’t have been on the bench anyway, so seatbelt/non-seatbelt is a non issue. Since she can’t pin down the point of injury to a time when he was on the bench and would have been held in that position by a seatbelt, her homicide conclusion is incorrect. This should have been an “unknown” finding.

        Like

        • Armie says:

          Correction: should read “between 2 and 4”. If, as appears to be the case, the ultimately fatal injury happened at that point, it happened when he was being transported face down on the floor of the van.

          Like

    • Yes and no. The white officers were the intended target from the start, and the black officers are being roped in out of necessity. In fact, without charging the blacks, there could be no charging the whites, as the guilt of the white cops is entirely contingent upon the guilt of the black cop who drove the death van for Freddie, and the other blacks who were with him when he was injured. Unfortunately for Mosby, there’s not a shred of incriminating evidence against any of the officers.

      Like

  3. Lenfb says:

    For those who may have missed the comment in the older replies.

    Here is a link to the pdf of the new Policy 1114.

    http://s3.documentcloud.org/documents/2077055/baltimore-city-policy.pdf

    Like

    • momomma3 says:

      1.5.2. The detainee is searched and handcuffed by the arresting member (hands cuffed
      in the rear) before being placed in a police transport vehicle.
      1.5.3. The transporting officer must also search each detainee prior to placing him/her
      in the transport vehicle.

      1.6 When a detainee is transported to a police building and placed in a holding cell or in
      DDU’s custody, he/she remains the responsibility of the transporting officer, until the
      detainee is transported from the facility.
      NOTE: The transporting officer may relinquish custody of the detainee to another sworn member. This transfer of custody must be clearly communicated between both members, and the member assuming custody of the detainee must again search the detainee.

      This policy document states clearly that the driver had custody of Freddie. The three arresting officers released responsibility of him when he was placed in the van. I don’t believe any of the officers should have been charged but this chain of command shows that it was ultimately the responsibility of the driver to ensure the detainee was restrained properly before he drove the vehicle. This highlights once again that there is no reasonable basis for charging the three arresting officers.

      Like

  4. David says:

    I don’t think this is real autopsy maybe notes ,it is too unprofessional talks about parts of the head generically and no ppm on drugs and the part about the omission of the seat belts, being cause to be named homicide sounds more like a legal than medical opinion.Watch Mosby will be yelling that this proves the material should have a gag order.She leaked this and only what she wanted

    Liked by 1 person

    • Kitty Smith says:

      I agree 100%. This was a contrived leak by Mosby of the ass’t ME’s notes or overview of a few parts that are developed in the full report.

      Liked by 1 person

    • boutis says:

      It is a cherry picked news story from the autopsy. It is incomplete, muddled, and raises more questions than it answers in some ways. It only mentions (I think) one thing from Gray’s hospitalization and that was he was full of drugs. How much, what, what medical staff had to do to stabilize him (did they pump his stomach? etc is not mentioned) before they could treat any injuries. This is Crumpesque in its misdirection, incompleteness, and attempt at narrative building. Until the entire medical file, not just the medical examiner’s finding in autopsy is released it will be a bunch of hooey. Disconnected snippets is not going to make sense and the Baltimore Sun needs to publish it all if they have it.

      Liked by 1 person

  5. jc says:

    The driver killed freddie with the 4th stop?

    Another element of a slip-shod investigation that named the wrong people in the indictment. A rush job for Mopsey’s showboat reading of the indictment, also rushed to beat the release of the thorough BPD investigation.

    It will never happen but the judge should dismiss all charges at the start of the trial and request MD state AG investigate Mopsey for malfeasance etc.

    Liked by 2 people

  6. manickernel says:

    Wow. Not seeing this on most lib media, must be working hard in the back rooms trying to figure out how to spin it.

    Like

  7. BobNoxious says:

    “I would support a definition of homicide, but I think you would get other medical examiners that would certify this case as an undetermined case or an accident,” said pathology professor Jeffrey M. Jentzen, director of autopsy and forensic services at the University of Michigan Health System.

    http://www.baltimoresun.com/news/breaking/bs-md-gray-autopsy-legal-analysis-20150623-story.html#page=1

    Like

  8. tappin52 says:

    If Freddie was properly belted and he continually smashed his head on the wall and caused himself a brain injury, who would be responsible? Those who argue that it is the responsibility of the police to guarantee a prisoner’s safety have to agree that the police can not control a prisoner’s every move. A drug addled man can cause himself serious damage no matter how careful the officers are.

    Like

    • BobNoxious says:

      Banging one’s head against the wall repeatedly would be an intentional act to harm oneself; that’s very different than falling due to not being properly restrained.

      Personally, I think a civil wrongful death claim is the more appropriate avenue to get “justice for Freddie” based on what we know. I’m not saying his family should be guaranteed to receive a judgment (although they probably will); I just think it’s the more appropriate manner in which to address the issues in this case.

      Like

      • Kitty Smith says:

        Freddie killed Freddie. All he had to do was stay on the floor where he was placed to begin with.

        Like

      • art tart says:

        Bob Noxious ~ as we have discussed before, a Civil Suit would have been better for this case but Mosby wouldn’t hear of it.

        Now that is has been determined that there were in fact seat belts in the van Freddy Gray was transported in, I always thought there were because the Officers Attorney’s never claimed there were “no seat belts,” which would likely have prevented Mosby from making a lot of the ridiculous over charges.

        The seat belts in the van imo will guarantee the full 200,000.00 Civil Suit cap, not that there was much doubt after Batt’s claim “Gray should have been seat belted.”

        Like

      • Armie says:

        The argument would have to be that transporting an arrestee face down with maximum restraints was improper. She appears to conclude that it’s likely the injury occurred between stops one and four. Seat belt use or the lack of it isn’t relevant for the period between stop one and four, because he wasn’t seated on the bench.

        Liked by 1 person

        • Armie says:

          Again, correcting for her use of terminology, should read “stops two and four”. Bottom line is, for most of the trip, he wasn’t on the seat.

          Like

  9. MPulse says:

    SUNDAE!! (I am unable to read all this…….WORKING right now!)
    If you haven’t revisited it yet??
    Please do………
    With the “High Energy spinal fracture” I think you should outline Freddie’s RUN.
    In particular the part where he ran into the building and then back out. It’s subject to opinion but I believe he jumped a stairwell/stairs and possibly injured is spine on the impact of the fall. (Dumping the drugs in a safe place)
    I believe (as I read here) that’s why he ran back the direction he came from. (So…police wouldn’t look any further)
    From the time of arrest he seemed to have a issue. (HE WAS INJURED ALREADY FROM THE FALL)
    He new he was and tried to make it more severe…..so he could go to hospital instead of jail. He just didn’t realize he was severely injured already. (It was a ACCIDENT)
    If this is going to get lost here? Could someone please email or re-post in the right place.

    Like

  10. dizzymissl says:

    From actual report. More at the link:

    http://www.baltimoresun.com/news/maryland/freddie-gray/bal-read-the-freddie-gray-autopsy-report-text-story.html#page=1

    This 25 year old, African American male, Freddie Carlos Gray Jr., died of a Neck Injury sustained as an unbelted occupant of a police transport van. The cause and manner of death are based on autopsy findings, review of medical records and the investigation of the circumstances surrounding the death, including available witness statements, captured scene videos and examination of the police transport vehicle. By report, the deceased was taken into custody following a police bike and foot pursuit on 4/12/2015. Upon being apprehended, Mr. Gray placed himself on the ground and his hands were cuffed behind his back. He reportedly asked for an inhaler, but none was found on his person. He was assisted to the police van on Presbury Street (1st stop), exhibiting both verbal and some physical resistance. Mr. Gray is seen on video entering the right hand compartment of the van, bearing weight on his legs and actively speaking. He was reportedly placed on the metal bench running from front to back along the outside wall of the van (the bench measures approximately 13″ wide and 8′ long allowing for 19″ between the metal wall dividing the van into two discrete compartments and the bench edge). After the inner and outer doors were closed, it is reported that Mr. Gray could be heard yelling and banging, causing the van to rock. Originally the destination of the van was Central Booking; however, several intervening stops were made before it was finally diverted to the Western District headquarters. The 2nd stop was several blocks down (on Baker Street) to place an identification band and leg restraints on Mr. Gray. Reportedly, Mr. Gray was still yelling and shaking the van. He was removed from the van and placed on the ground in a kneeling position, facing the van doors, while ankle cuffs were placed, and then slid onto the floor of the van, belly down and head first, reportedly still verbally and physically active. The 3rd stop was captured on video at Mosher Street and North Fremont Avenue, where the van driver stopped the van, got out and looked in the back of the van. The van proceeded to the 4th stop (at Dolphin Street and Druid Hill Avenue) where the van driver called for assistance to check on Mr. Gray. The assisting officer opened the doors and observed Mr. Gray lying belly down on the floor with his head facing the cabin compartment, and reportedly he was asking for help, saying he couldn’t breathe, couldn’t get up and needed a medic. The officer assisted Mr. Gray to the bench and the van continued on its way until it was diverted to pick up another individual who was in custody. At this 5th stop (at North Avenue and Pennsylvania Avenue), Mr. Gray was found kneeling on the floor, facing the front of the van and slumped over to his right against the bench, and reportedly appeared lethargic with minimal responses to direct questions. The second individual was placed in the left hand compartment of the van and the vehicle was driven to the Western District headquarters. By report, this second detainee said that he heard Mr. Gray banging and kicking through the metal divider. On arrival, Mr. Gray was found in a kneeling position, unresponsive and not breathing. Emergency medical services were activated and he was transported to University Medical Center with active resuscitation.

    Like

    • AghastInFL says:

      “This 25 year old, African American male, Freddie Carlos Gray Jr., died of a Neck Injury sustained as an unbelted occupant of a police transport van. ”
      based upon reading the report I have real issues with this statement, while the injury was contributory the cause of his death as described is other… isn’t it?

      Like

    • AghastInFL says:

      There were in fact seat belts in the van and the Lawyer lied regards the throat injury. Freddies SCI was due to swelling after hyperextension, while they liken it to a shallow dive, I would characterize is to a football injury.

      Liked by 1 person

      • dizzymissl says:

        Opiates were present on admission, not due to his hospital stay as many have said.

        Liked by 2 people

      • AghastInFL says:

        They never determined if the SCI was complete or incomplete; again the Lawyer falsely referred to an 80% sever when no such determination was reached. Just to make a point, even at 80% the injury is incomplete and the level of usage/mobility is unknown.

        Liked by 1 person

        • art tart says:

          AghastInFL ~ the Lawyer did it for shock value for the public. The irksome thing is this information should have been released to correct his inaccuracies but Mosby wouldn’t have it, she wanted the Lawyer to do her bidding to inflame sympathizers.

          Liked by 1 person

    • True Colors says:

      Here is one thing that I have been waiting for:

      A computed tomography scan (CT) of the head and neck was negative for intracranial bleeding or fractures of the facial bones or skull

      Prior to now, we were led to believe that Gray was slammed against the wall of the van with such extraordinary force that it crushed his voice box and nearly severed his spine.

      However, the lack of injuries to the head or neck indicates just the opposite. It indicates that there was never any extreme collision inside the van.

      TC

      Liked by 2 people

    • AghastInFL says:

      Do you have that as a pdf? or is there a scribd link? locked out of the B.S. now… darn that refresh.

      Liked by 1 person

  11. dizzymissl says:

    Part 2:

    At the hospital resuscitation attempts were successful with the return of spontaneous circulation. Mr. Gray exhibited dilated pupils and showed no motor response to stimuli. No obvious external injuries, except for an abrasion (skin scape) on the top of the left shoulder were identified on initial examination. Admission toxicological testing was positive for the presence of opiates and cannabinoid in the urine. A computed tomography scan (CT) of the head and neck was negative for intracranial bleeding or fractures of the facial bones or skull, but demonstrated an unstable C4/C5 fracture/dislocation with high grade spinal canal compromise as well as a left vertebral artery injury. A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study, performed revealed a tiny left interventricular hemorrhage, near transection of the spinal cord, rupture of multiple stabilizing ligaments at the level of C4/C5, extensive edema of soft tissues of the posterior neck region and a small fluid collection anterior to C3 through C7; no other abnormalities of the uninjured cervical vertebral column, spinal cord or adjacent soft tissues were described in the report. Mr. Gray was stabilized and closed reduction of the vertebral dislocation was attempted without success. He was taken to the operating room on 4/14/2015 for C3-C6 laminectomy and fusion of C4 and C5. The operative note made no mention of healed or healing scars on the neck or evidence of previous injury or surgical interventions. Mr. Gray remained in a comatose state with continual electroencephalogram monitoring that indicated diffuse cerebral dysfunction. Follow up CT and MRI scans showed extension of the spinal cord edema into the brainstem and into the distal cervical spinal cord. On 4/19/2015 as Mr. Gray was being positioned he had an episode of severe hypertension and tachycardia followed by hypotension and bradycardia and eventually, pulseless electrical activity. Despite resuscitative efforts, Mr. Gray was pronounced on 4/19/2015.

    Liked by 1 person

    • art tart says:

      dizzymissl ~ You rock. Thanks for sharing all this information w/fellow treepers we’ve wanted since Gray died. It’s such an interesting read, hopefully as you requested, some of the treeper medical people can further explain parts of the report.

      Liked by 2 people

  12. dizzymissl says:

    Part 3:

    At autopsy, the external examination was significant for generalized edema and evidence of medical therapy. A healing, patterned abraded laceration (scraped skin tear) was on the right temple, a healing abrasion on the left temple, small healing abrasions on the left cheekbone, and healing linear abrasions on the wrists and right ankle. Reflection of the scalp revealed a subscalp hematoma on the lateral aspect of the left side of the back of the head just superior to the neck region, and focal scalp hemorrhage under the abraded laceration on the right temple. Reflection of extensive areas of skin of the torso and the upper and lower extremities identified areas of hemorrhage on the lateral aspects of the wrists and ankles, consistent with placement of wrist and ankle restraints. Faint areas of subcutaneous hemorrhage were over the left scapular and right postero-inferior costal margin. No deep muscle hemorrhage of the torso or extremities or fractures of the long bones of the extremities were identified. * No injuries that would suggest the use of a neck hold, Taser deployment or physical restraint, other than wrist and ankle cuffs, were identified. Examination of the brain showed edema and other secondary changes due to interruption in oxygen/blood flow, which were more prominent in the parietal and occipital lobes and the medulla of the brainstem. The spinal cord was intact, but showed extensive edema, traumatic contusion (bruising) and necrosis of the cervical spinal cord, extension of the necrosis into the lower brainstem and high thoracic regions, and secondary, non-traumatic changes due to probable re-perfusion injury of the entire spinal cord. The internal examination showed no evidence of injury to the ribs, thoracic or lumbar vertebral column, pelvic bones or the internal organs. An anterior neck dissection showed an intact hyoid bone and laryngeal cartilage.

    Liked by 1 person

  13. dizzymissl says:

    Part 4:

    Review of the chronology of the events from the when Mr. Gray was taken into custody in the context of a severe and unstable cervical spine fracture/dislocation that would be immediately symptomatic, is most consistent with Mr. Gray sustaining the injury in the police van sometime after the 2nd stop where ankle restraints were placed and before the 4th stop when the driver called assistance. At this 4th stop, Mr. Gray was displaying symptoms of a high spinal cord injury: difficulties in breathing and movement. The type of fracture/dislocation documented in imaging studies on admission is a high energy injury most often caused by abrupt deceleration of a rotated head on a hyperflexed neck, such as seen in shallow water diving incidents. While it cannot be excluded that this injury could occur while lying on the floor and sliding back and forth with the movement of the van, the likelihood of sufficient acceleration/deceleration to generate the energy needed is less likely in this position. Further, the most significant impact to the head and the impact consistent with the neck injury is on the left lower back area of the head, is not consistent with injury

    Liked by 1 person

    • pspsst says:

      Offhand,

      The type of fracture/dislocation documented in imaging studies on admission is a high energy injury most often caused by abrupt deceleration of a rotated head on a hyperflexed neck, such as seen in shallow water diving incidents. While it cannot be excluded that this injury could occur while lying on the floor and sliding back and forth with the movement of the van, the likelihood of sufficient acceleration/deceleration to generate the energy needed is less likely in this position. Further, the most significant impact to the head and the impact consistent with the neck injury is on the left lower back area of the head, is not consistent with injury.

      Basically, the findings here are inconclusive, is what they are saying.

      They are saying the neck injury could be similar to that of a diving accident but the injuries seen on his left lower back area of the head does not match the neck injury viewed in X-ray and other tests.

      Liked by 2 people

      • smiley says:

        where is evidence of “depraved heart” in this, re the driver ?

        Like

      • James F says:

        Exactly. A forward diving type jury would probably show impact evidence on the front or top of the head.

        The impact at the lower back of the head is consistent with him banging his had against the floor while laying down on his back or banging his head against a wall behind him.

        Like

        • James F says:

          It matches perfectly with the original version of the Post story.

          A prisoner sharing a police transport van with Freddie Gray told investigators that he could hear Gray “banging against the walls” of the vehicle and believed that he “was intentionally trying to injure himself,” according to a police document obtained by The Washington Post.

          Liked by 2 people

        • pspsst says:

          That’s true too. With his hands behind his back, he would have shot forward hitting the cabin wall. Alicia White the officer found him still on his belly, not crumpled up against the forward cabin wall and Freddie only complained he couldn’t breathe. A neck dislocation would cause pain, would he not have told the officer?

          Like

        • James F says:

          Or intentionally banged his head against the ceiling as he has hunched over, unable to stand all the way up.

          Like

  14. dizzymissl says:

    Part 5:

    in this prone position. Although Mr. Gray was placed belly down on the floor of the van at the 2nd stop, he would have been able to get to his feet using the bench side and the opposite wall. As the clearance between the interior floor and roof was approximately 4 feet (Mr. Gray measured 5’9″ in length), he would have been hunched over with his neck in a flexed position if he had risen off the floor. Mr. Gray was restrained with his wrists behind his back and at the ankles, was not belted with the safety belts that were present in the van, and due to an obstructed view of the roadway would have had trouble anticipating the van’s motion; therefore, he was at risk for an unsupported fall during acceleration or deceleration of the van. An unexpected turning motion, acceleration or deceleration of the van would have precipitated him into the side walls, the door or the front of the van depending on his position, resulting in the left posterior impact to his head with injury to the spinal cord in his flexed neck. If the motion/acceleration/deceleration of the van was abrupt enough, given the confined space in the vehicle, it is possible that his neck injury occurred with him in a partially reclining position or as he was changing his position on the floor of the van. As the fracture/dislocation was considered very unstable, it is unclear whether the spinal cord lesion was complete, as documented in admission imaging studies, or in the spectrum of spinal concussion or contusion at the time of the fracture/dislocation in the van with evolution of the spinal cord injury during the movement of Mr. Gray to the bench, the subsequent stops and the motion of the van. Injury at this level of the spinal cord would have caused loss of function of the limbs and have direct effects on the mechanics of respiration through partial to near total paralysis of the diaphragm, the full function of which depends on the nerves associated with the part of the spinal cord that was damaged. Therefore, the time the injury most likely occurred was after the 2nd but before the 4th stop of the van, and possibly before the 3rd stop when a video showed the driver stopping, getting out, and looking in the back of the van. The reported kicking heard after the 4th stop would not have been possible; however, a seizure resulting from decreased oxygen supply to the brain may have caused the banging noise reportedly heard from Mr. Gray’s compartment.

    Liked by 1 person

    • pspsst says:

      Next, the ME endeavours to suggest Freddie between the 2nd and 4th stop tried to get up but was thrown thereby hitting his head. A shallow diving head injury would entail climbing atop the bench and jumping. Simply falling forward is not going to cause severe dislocation of the C4-5 spine UNLESS you are passed out and reflexes unable to react and thereby tense neck muscles to protect the vertebrae.

      That Fred was unable to breathe at C4-5 level is not a strong possibility, heroin overdose was the mitigating factor for inability the breathe. Neck injury was sequalae.

      Mosby at this point is trying to move the accountability from Alicia White (black officer) who stationed Freddie in a sitting position without seatbelts. Even then, it is definitely not intentional homicide because Fred was a known malingerer in his interactions with police.

      Very sad. Mosby is accountable for directing officers to aggressively trawl the drug infested area of the city without clear guidance on what she actually means. Very poor leadership. Blaming others and trying to rope the white officers into the culpability. A complete disaster again on the part of Mosby and her ring leaders in the “circus”.

      Liked by 1 person

  15. dizzymissl says:

    Part 6:

    Based on the sequence of events and the described progressive alteration of mental and physical status, Mr. Gray’s neck injury occurred while in custody, in and during transport in the police van. Safety equipment was available but not used. Therefore, it was not an unforeseen event (a medico-legal definition of an accident) that a vulnerable individual was injured during operation of the vehicle, and that without prompt medical attention, the injury would prove fatal. Due to the failure of following established safety procedures through acts of omission, the manner of death is best certified as Homicide. Prolonged hospitalization precluded relevant postmortem toxicological testing.

    [Signed]
    Carol H. Allan, M.D.
    Assistant Medical Examiner

    [Signed]
    David R. Fowler, M.D.
    Chief Medical Examiner

    Date signed: 4/30/2015

    Liked by 1 person

    • John Galt says:

      “Therefore, it was not an unforeseen event”

      The cops placed Freddie in a prone position on the floor of the van. Freddie’s injury is inconsistent with the prone position. The low ceiling made it impossible for Freddie to stand upright. The handcuffs behind Freddie’s back and the leg shackles made it difficult for Freddie to even attempt to stand.

      So how were the cops supposed to foresee that Freddie would stand in the hunched over position required for injury?

      Liked by 1 person

  16. Nana says:

    Former trauma RN. Standing, hunched over with head to the left because the height of the van was 4 ft. Fell, causing enough force for c spine fracture. Moved from floor to seated position. Officer at 4th stop may have a problem, but she is not a doctor and we don’t know the conversation between the officer and FG.

    The finding of swelling + dialated unresponsive pupils speaks to oxygen deprivation. Opiates can cause dialated pupils but they still respond slowly to light. The fatal moment came with the repositioning in hospital. No fault of medical staff. Have seen herniation of the brain merely by sliding an X-ray under a patient.

    iMO brain death started after 4th stop, delay in ambulance left him without oxygen for a prolong time. Like ‘diving’ accident he was gravely injured. Even with medical care immediately after fall, he probably would have been paralyzed and in need of a tracheotomy and mechanical ventilation for life. Think Chris Reeves. Yes, he could be able to move and talk immediately after injury, but spinal cord swelling would be imminent.

    CPR in field would have given him oxygen, but would compound his injury absent spinal immobilization. Even though most know CPR – if you have never done it on a real person, your focus would be the breathing and not the c spine.

    Like

    • AghastInFL says:

      Quads with a C-4/C-5 level do not automatically require a vent for life, in fact most do not require one at all. Christopher Reeve’s injury was a C-2.
      Also, I have to take issue with the reference to a spinal fracture… what the report details seems to be a dislocation ie hyperextension; while the repeated reference is to fracture/dislocation and the terms may be interchangeable, the reference to bruising and swelling seem to point toward one not the other. This is important because with fusion surgery FG’s neurologic condition could only be measured after the swelling was reduced (think football players standing/walking/talking months after an injury). Of course JMHO others may differ.

      Like

    • Kitty Smith says:

      What about the last sentence in the text: “Prolonged hospitalization precluded relevant postmortem toxicological testing.”?

      I understand what she’s saying. What I want to know is if there are tox results from admission to show what FG’s opiate level was at that time, not just the presence of opiates.

      Can you expand more on “Fatal moment came with repositioning in hospital”?

      Thanks a lot for your review.

      Like

      • Nana says:

        In the report it said while repositioning there was increase in blood pressure and heart rate, followed by low blood pressure and slow heart rate. Classic signs of brain herniation. The brain is so swollen it passes through the small hole on the bottom of the neck where normally the brain meets the spine. It’s fatal.

        Like

    • Kitty Smith says:

      Can you explain a little more about tis portion? “At the hospital resuscitation attempts were successful with the return of spontaneous circulation. Mr. Gray exhibited dilated pupils and showed no motor response to stimuli. No obvious external injuries, except for an abrasion (skin scape) on the top of the left shoulder were identified on initial examination. Admission toxicological testing was positive for the presence of opiates and cannabinoid in the urine. ”

      Why urine test instead of blood? Faster results? Would that specimen be retained? If it was, why wasn’t more said about it in the report? What would resuscitation attempts consist of? Anything to obviate the opiates? If so, would the amount given indicate what the opiate level found was?

      Like

  17. BobNoxious says:

    So… That’s pretty curious that the Baltimore Sun didn’t post a pdf to the actual report…

    Like

  18. Megalon says:

    Thanks, dizzy!

    Liked by 1 person

  19. georgiafl says:

    Mosby, fresh from her photo ops and interviews by Vogue and Cosmo, is urging youth to turn Freddie Gray case into a movement:
    LINK

    Not a movement to get off drugs, not to quit burglarizing homes and terrorizing neighbors, not to study hard and get a job. NO – it’s to reform police.

    Really.

    Like

  20. georgiafl says:

    As for Freddie Gray, it’s very suspiciously convenient that they can’t/didn’t/won’t do toxicology tests on him. A hair and bone analysis would reveal a lot that blood tests would not.

    It is possible FG had a seizure, OD’d, or just a mental episode due to drugs.

    It is not fair that 6 cops are being railroaded because of this drug dealer/user’s life of crime.

    Liked by 2 people

    • pspsst says:

      If he had a seizure belted in he would have been hurt too. With seizures you are to place the individual in middle of floor with soft pillows about. Imho, I really doubt he had a seizure, that is speculation on the part of ME. More likely, Freddy tried to stand up and do his kicking again, or even struck his head on the van wall or his legs on the wall…..the van braked out of alarm. The rest is history. Remember the driver was also in a state of worry and the sooner he got Freddy to the station the better. They cannot charge the B6 with depraved heart. It was obvious driver was highly concerned checking on Freddy and his legs were shackled to prevent his kicking and rocking the van. A big danger. Seatbelted, Freddy could still kick. It’s a whole mess of unfortunate circumstances beginning and ending with MOSBY. She got to her position through polictical meanderings, totally incompetent…….and this is what what happens.

      Liked by 1 person

  21. 3kidmama says:

    I am a RN with experience in working in big city county hospitals.

    Has no one considered that Mr. Gray may have had a significant seizure/impaired consciousness due to ingestion of drugs?

    What if the responding paramedics, (as they attempted to intubate the increasingly unresponsive Gray at the final stop) injured his spinal cord? He could have already sustained some type of spinal injury from seizing and then having to extend and manipulate his neck to intubate his airway could have cause a more serious injury.

    Seatbelt??? My dh has worked in healthcare in correctional settings. They would NOT seatbelt a combative prisoner due to the danger to the officers. There are NOT high tech seat belts – the officer would need to crawl into the van and risk getting kicked or beaten or get an ear bitten by a combative, angry criminal! So you belt in a criminal if you can do so safely – if not, the criminal is left alone in the compartment until they settle down.

    Liked by 2 people

    • doodahdaze says:

      Since no one knows what happened anything is possible. That is why Mosby should be arrested.

      Like

    • Kitty Smith says:

      Yes, it’s been considered. I’ve posted the seizure possibility ad infinitum. It’s rather common with heroin or other opiate overdose due to the depression of the autonomic system. Electrical impulses are interrupted, causing seizure.

      I’ve also posted ad infinitum about the officer safety issues associated with seat belting prisoners and what sort of injuries are likely to occur when handling a combative prisoner, especially in close quarters where there is insufficient space for multiple officers.

      Some get it, others won’t.

      Like

    • AghastInFL says:

      Thank you, I have two, I hope simple questions:
      After reading the ME report would you as an RN characterize Freddie Gray as brain dead on April 12th the date of his arrest? and does the EKG reading indicating diffuse cerebral dysfunction indicate brain death or merely some level of impairment?
      TYIA.

      Like

      • Nana says:

        Every trauma is tested for urine. The catheter is the fastest thing done, it is very sensitive for drugs and you don’t have any confusion on what he arrive on.

        Like

  22. Nana says:

    Sorry replied under wrong person. I should have sad “brain cell” death with the other post. I think he started losing cells after the fourth stop, until he was resuscitated. I don’t think he was brain dead until the repositioning event in the hospital. They woul not have taken him to the OR for his spine if he had no brain function. The EEG is used more for medically induced coma. You can see slight brain waves, to make sure he’s deep enough, but doesn’t give any indication of anything until he would be wake and off meds.

    Like

  23. Ginny says:

    I read on another website that Freddie Gray’s autopsy revealed positive for marijuana and heroin in his system. Before being chased by police, they observed him conducting a hand to hand drug transaction. While he was running, Freddie swallowed the bags of heroin he had in his pockets. I knew there was a reason why he ran in the first place. Drug dealers ALWAYS run when faced with the possibility of getting busted and spending years behind bars.

    I remember years ago when a 20-something year old female drug dealer did the same thing, except she swallowed lots of bags of either powdered cocaine or crack. Minutes later, she went into convulsion, seizure-like motions. By the time she got to the hospital, she was dead. Till this day, black people in this town swear she didn’t commit suicide. They still say and believe the “white” cops killed her.

    Freddie Gray was a heroin dealer and all of Baltimore are still going around praising him. That’s what a large % of blacks do: PRAISE DRUG DEALERS! They are recognized as a power higher than God.

    Like

  24. D. Fox says:

    So what if police vans don’t have seat belts. Who cares really ? Our school buses that transport our CHILDREN don’t have seat belts. Maybe if the thug Freddie Gray had sat still instead of acting like the out of control criminal idiot he was the people of Baltimore wouldn’t have had the opportunity to demonstrate what we all knew anyway that they will use any situation to behave as the degenerates that they are. And since the oh so terrible death of the upstanding Freddie Gray the animals of Baltimore have continued to kill each other at an accelerated rate. Is anyone really surprised by any of this ?

    Like

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